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Step 1 - Readings

In any area of interest, you have to develop understanding of the context of your work.

In this course, please read the provided resource that introduce diverse views on Globalisation (see Globalization and Sustainable Development 2012/2013 page). While you browse the themes, concentrate on basic terms and theories, and on the themes you are most interested in.

For better understanding of your readings, follow our reading manual

  • you can analyse the text - write a summary of each paragraph on the margin of the page
  • then you can write a short summary of the whole text.

Step 2 - Prewriting

Outline your own ideas about the broad issue and try to identify your own interest in the area.

Use the prewriting techniques if you are not sure how to start with brainstorming.

Step 3 - Work with resources

Summarize or evaluate what other scholars have written on your topic.
  • You should start with literature review whenever you start writing.
  • Write an annotation of each resource before developing your own ideas - that will help you with your own text!
  • You can use the annotations in the Introduction of your article.

Step 4 - Selection of your "research topic"

The theme you are going to write about is relevant to a case study we are currently exploring (our texts provide brief summary of the globalisation problems in the region). Your text will be included in the case study.

"Research question"

Formulate your "Research" question in the area of your interest.

Outline the title of the article, under this heading briefly describe the theme you are going to explore. You can write it on your own case study page (make an internal link from the relevant page - see Editing rules), or create a completely new page (see also Starting a new Page in Technical instructions)

  • Now you have your own page with "your research topic" and you will continue work on your article directly there.
  • Follow instructions for writing.

Thesis statement

 "The thesis sentence is typically that ONE sentence in the paper that asserts,  controls, and structures the entire argument." (Dartmouth Writing Program).

What is the relationship between a research questions and thesis statement? Your research question needs to be "answered" - the thesis statement is the "answer". There may be several potential answers to your question, but you could choose one or few to focus your text. Your thesis statement will be something your will try to "prove" further on. Your research question and thesis statement will need to be made explicit in the introduction to your text. Eventually, your research question and thesis statement will be used to define the title. In this stage, identify your question and its possible "answer" (thesis statement) and write these on your wiki page.

Step 5 - Drafting your essay

When writing any text for this Wiki, look at the required Structure of the page - it will help you to structure your own writing product.
  • You can start with drafting your introduction. It will probably change after you have developed the whole text, but it would be useful for you to describe your problem and define basic terms at this stage. Use description of a good introduction in the online materials of Writing at Dartmouth program.
  • Draft a “map” of your essay. It could be an outline of your future article, or simple description of your ideas – clearly explain the starting point of your thoughts, and where your thoughts will probably end.

Everyone works in a different order: you might start working on short annotations of paragraphs in the planned “body” of your text, and after that write your introduction and few words about conclusion. This is up to you – you may even change this “workplan” in further stages.

Support for this assignment you can find in the following tables which will help you structure your work, at L2 writing proficiency paper

  • Unedited Sample Student Essay Map
  • Peer Editing for Introduction
  • Development Patterns for Academic Essays

Step 6 - Developing your article

Concentrate on the content, and consider the structure & organizationof the text]]

In the working outline of the text ask questions about it:

  • is it logical?
  • does it support my thesis?
  • is it structured with respect to the used argumentation? etc.

Then write paragraphs and provide evidence for the ideas (expressed as topic sentences) they include. You will have to revise the text for coherence immediately after the first draft is ready – otherwise it might not make sense.

And finally, look once more at your introduction, and formulate the conclusion.
Write an annotation and abstract, look at the title (does it still express the core of your article?)
Improve the list of references. 

Do not forget to sign your text at the end! You can also use materials of the University of Kansas Writing Center

Step 7 - Revision of the text

See Revision of the text: upgrade your text according to the quality criteria.
You can start with the text analysis!

Peer review

Peer review process is a basis for mutual evaluation.


Reference list of your sources - respect citation rules

External links

Web pages where additional info on the topic could be found.
please quote them correctly using APA format

If you are quoting resource from the Wikipedia, simply click on the link Cite this page from the toolbox on the left side of each page.

Use the Citation style that is conventional for you - we have chosen the APA style as it is most common.

Creative Commons Author: Jana Dlouhá. This article was published under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. How to cite the article: Jana Dlouhá. (2. 07. 2022). VCSEwiki:Blank page. VCSEWiki. Retrieved 20:11 2. 07. 2022) from: <>.